For this tutorial, im using vim as my text editor, you can use nano or another text editor (depend what you are prefer or familiar with you). For server IP address, for this tutorial example im using my server private IP Address as 192.168.10.110, you can use your server public IP or host. 1. Install ...

Install vSFTPD Sebagai FTP Server dengan Virtual Account di Debian 8 (Jessie)

For this tutorial, im using vim as my text editor, you can use nano or another text editor (depend what you are prefer or familiar with you).

For server IP address, for this tutorial example im using my server private IP Address as 192.168.10.110, you can use your server public IP or host.

1. Install Required Package

apt-get install libpam-pwdfile
apt-get install apache2-utils
apt-get install db-util
apt-get install openssl
apt-get install vsftpd

2. Create TLS (SSL Certificate) for TLS Connection

openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 720 -newkey rsa:1024 -keyout /etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem -out /etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem

Change red-colod depend on your country, company  name, email and your company email.

Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:ID
State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:DKI Jakarta
Locality Name (eg, city) []:Jakarta Barat
Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:True Digital Plus
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:GSM
Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) []:ftp.truedigitalplus.id
Email Address []:gsm@truedigitalplus.com

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3. Create configuration directory and files for FTP user database

mkdir /etc/vsftpd/
vim /etc/vsftpd/ftp_users.txt

User database text should be delimiter by “\n”. First line as username and second line is password, following by another users. Example for ftp_user.txt

user1
password1
user2
password2

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4. Create database for Virtual Users

db_load -T -t hash -f /etc/vsftpd/ftp_users.txt /etc/vsftpd/virtualusers.db

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5. Create or Change PAM for vsftpd.virtual

vim /etc/pam.d/vsftpd.virtual

#%PAM-1.0
auth            required        pam_userdb.so           db=/etc/vsftpd/virtualusers
account         required        pam_userdb.so           db=/etc/vsftpd/virtualusers
session         required        pam_loginuid.so

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6. Remove or backup original vsFTPD  config and create new config

mv /etc/vsftpd.conf /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf-original
vim /etc/vsftpd.conf

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listen=YES
#listen_ipv6=YES
anonymous_enable=NO
local_enable=YES
virtual_use_local_privs=YES
write_enable=YES
local_umask=022
#anon_upload_enable=YES
#anon_mkdir_write_enable=YES
dirmessage_enable=YES
use_localtime=YES
xferlog_enable=YES
connect_from_port_20=YES
#chown_uploads=YES
#chown_username=whoever
xferlog_file=/var/log/vsftpd-xferlog.log
#xferlog_std_format=YES
#idle_session_timeout=600
#data_connection_timeout=120
#nopriv_user=ftpsecure
#async_abor_enable=YES
#ascii_upload_enable=YES
#ascii_download_enable=YES
ftpd_banner=Welcome to blah FTP service.
#deny_email_enable=YES
#banned_email_file=/etc/vsftpd.banned_emails
#chroot_local_user=YES
#chroot_local_user=YES
#chroot_list_enable=NO
# (default follows)
#
#chroot_list_file=/etc/vsftpd.chroot_list
#
#ls_recurse_enable=YES
#
# Customization
secure_chroot_dir=/var/run/vsftpd/empty
#pam_service_name=vsftpd
pam_service_name=vsftpd.virtual
####################################
####################################
ssl_enable=YES
listen_port=21
allow_anon_ssl=NO
force_local_data_ssl=NO
force_local_logins_ssl=NO
ssl_tlsv1=YES
ssl_sslv2=YES
ssl_sslv3=YES
require_ssl_reuse=NO
ssl_ciphers=HIGH
rsa_cert_file=/etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem
#rsa_cert_file=/etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.crt
#rsa_private_key_file=/etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.key
allow_writeable_chroot=YES
#
#userlist_file=/etc/vsftpd.denied_users
#userlist_file=/etc/vsftpd.allowed_users
#userlist_deny=YES
#userlist_enable=YES
guest_enable=YES
user_sub_token=$USER
local_root=/home/ftproot/$USER
chroot_local_user=YES
hide_ids=YES
# UTF-8 Charset
utf8_filesystem=YES
#pasv_promiscuous=YES
#### Passive Mode
tcp_wrappers=YES
pasv_address=192.168.10.110
pasv_enable=YES
pasv_promiscuous=NO
port_enable=YES
port_promiscuous=NO
pasv_min_port=10000
pasv_max_port=10250

7. Create Directory for Each virtual users

mkdir /home/ftproot/
mkdir /home/ftproot/user1/
mkdir /home/ftproot/user2/

8. Change owner of FTP Root directory for ftp user

chown -R ftp:ftp /home/ftproot/

9. Enable autostart vsftpd service and Restart FTP Server

systemctl enable vsftpd.service
/etc/init.d/vsftpd restart

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10. Do not forget to remove your virtual users db plain text

rm -rf /etc/vsftpd/ftp_users.txt

 

Hope all going well without any misconfiguration, thank you

If you get any popup about SSL/TLS, just accept it, be cause we generate SSL Certificate locally

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Reference: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/vsftpd


About Author

Imran Nababan

MIS Programmer


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